This is the rubric uva uses for PhD research paper evaluations. I have highlighted the exemplary category. Hope this is helpful for masters thesis students and maybe some PhD students
Germany: Baader-Meinhof terrorist may have worked for the Stasi
He is one of the most paradoxical and notorious figures in modern German history: a social democrat lawyer turned leftwing terrorist who went to prison, turned to Maoism and then came out as a far-right nationalist. Now there is another twist: Horst Mahler, a founding member of the Red Army Faction, was also a Stasi informant. (via The Guardian)
SPK is a “pro-illness” group founded by Dr. Wolfgang Huber at Heidelberg University in 1968. The group members were mental patients, and were considered by media to be a leftist / Marxist group. The group forwarded the view that the “capitalist performance of the Federal Republic was sick within itself and was thus producing mentally sick people which could only be changed by violent revolution.” The group’s workshops included crime, guerilla activities and sex magic. Interaction between SPK and the Baader-Meinhof group was widely suspected.
I don’t have much to say.
We believe Ulrike was executed. We don’t know how, but we understand the reasoning behind the method chosen. I recall Herold’s statement, “Actions against the raf must primarily be developed in such a way as to undermine the positions held by sympathizers.”
And Buback said, “State security is given life by those who are committed to it. People like Herold and myself, we always find a way.”
It was a cold, calculated execution, just like with Holger, just like with Siegfried Hausner. If Ulrike had decided to end it all, to die, because she saw this as her last chance to save herself—to save her revolutionary identity—from the slow destruction of her will in isolation—then she would have told us—or at least she would have told Andreas: that was the nature of their relationship.
I believe that the execution of Ulrike now, at this moment, is a result of developments—an initial political breakthrough in the conflict between the international guerilla and the imperialist state in the Federal Republic. To say anything more about this would require getting into things I don’t wish to discuss.
This murder is consistent with all of the state’s attempts to deal with us over the past six years—the physical and psychological extermination of the raf—and it is aimed at all of the guerilla groups in the Federal Republic, for whom Ulrike played an essential ideological role.
Now I want to say that as long as I’ve been witness to the relationship between Ulrike and Andreas—and I’ve witnessed it for the past seven years—it was marked by intensity and tenderness, sensitivity, and clarity.
And I believe that it was precisely because of this relationship that Ulrike was able to survive the eight months in the dead wing.
It was a relationship like that which can develop between siblings, oriented around a common objective and based on shared politics.
And she was free, because freedom is only possible in the struggle for liberation.
There was no breakdown in their relationship during these years. There couldn’t have been, because it was based on the politics of the raf, and when there were fundamental contradictions within the group, they were addressed concretely through praxis. No reason for such a breakdown can be found in the course of our theoretical work, the only kind that remains possible in prison—nor can it be found in the shared nature of our struggle or the history of the group.
This can be clearly seen in the discussions and Ulrike’s letters and manuscripts in the period leading up to Friday evening. They show what this relationship was really like.
It is a crude and sinister smear, a bid to use Ulrike’s execution for psychological warfare purposes, to now claim that “tensions” and “estrangement” existed between Ulrike and Andreas, between Ulrike and us. This is Buback in all his stupidity.
So far all such efforts have simply further exposed the fascist nature of the reactionary forces in the Federal Republic.
Jan-Carl Raspe: On the Murder of Ulrike Meinhof
May 11, 1976
From Children Of The Revolution
Well, I guess pathologizing or demonizing somebody is not the best way to comprehend this person.
But that is who we are, that is where we come from. We are the offspring of metropolitan annihilation and destruction, of the war of all against all, of the conflict of each individual with every other individual, of a system governed by fear, of the compulsion to produce, of the profit of one to the detriment of others, of the division of people into men and women, young and old, sick and healthy, foreigners and Germans, and of the struggle for prestige. Where do we come from? From isolation in individual row-houses, from the suburban concrete cities, from prison cells, from the asylums and special units, from media brainwashing, from consumerism, from corporal punishment, from the ideology of nonviolence, from depression, from illness, from degradation, from humiliation, from the debasement of human beings, from all the people exploited by imperialism.
~ Ulrike Meinhof, “On The Liberation of Andreas Baader” (1974)
Through personalization and psychological rationalization, they project the cliches of capitalist anthropology onto us. They project the reality of their own facade, of their judges, of their prosecutors, of their screws, and of their fascists, pigs who take pleasure in their alienation, who only live by torturing, by oppressing, and by exploiting,others, pigs for whom the whole point of their existence is their career, success, elbowing their way to the top, and taking advantage of others, pigs who take pleasure from the hunger, the misery, and the deprivation of millions of human beings in the Third World and here.
What the ruling class hates about us is that despite a hundred years of repression, of fascism, of anticommunism, of imperialist wars, and of genocides, the revolution once again raises its head. In carrying out psychological warfare, the bourgeoisie, with its police state, sees in us everything that they hate and fear about the people…
~ Ulrike Meinhof, “On the Liberation of Andreas Baader”